Increasing concerns about dwindling biological resources led to the establishment and adoption of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) which was negotiated and signed by nations at the ‘Earth Summit’ at Rio de Janeiro in Brazil on June 5, 1992. The CBD came onto force on December 29, 1993 and India became a party to convention on February 18, 1994. At present, there are as many as 193 countries which are party to this Convention. Basically, there are three principles or ‘pillars’ of this Convention –the Conservation of Biodiversity, Sustainable use of its components and Fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising out of the use of biological resources. India is one of the few mega biodiversity countries in the world. Taking cognizance of the provisions of the CBD and to manage our biological resources, Government of India enacted the Biological Diversity Act, 2002. Subsequently, the Biological Diversity Rules were notified in 2004. The act is to be implemented through a three tier decentralized mechanism i.e. at the National, State and Local body level. The National Biodiversity Authority (NBA) has been established at the national level with its headquarters in Chennai (Tamil Nadu). The State Biodiversity Boards (SBBs) have been formed at State level and Biodiversity Management Committees (BMC) are being constituted at the level of local bodies.
In accordance with the provisions of the said Act, the Government of Uttarakhand vide G.O. No. 1773/x-2-2006-8(83)/2001 TC dated 22.03.2011 constituted the Uttarakhand Biodiversity Board. The Board was reconstituted in 2011 and again in 2013, vide G.O. 121(3)/X-3-2013-8(83)/2001 T.C. dated 14.02.2013.